Rumen-protected Glucose may Beneficial for Uterine Involution of Early Postpartum Dairy Cows
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Reproduction plays a pivotal role in successful dairy production. Treatments enhancing or accelerating uterine involution may increase reproductive efficiency. Glucose requirements during early lactation are usually not satisfied by some diets for high-producing dairy cows. Therefore, feeding rumen-protected glucose (RPG) is becoming an alternative strategy to increase glucose and the energy supply for dairy cows.

Recently, researchers from the Institute of Subtropical Agriculture(ISA), Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Hunan Agricultural University fed the dairy cows with 0 or 200 g rumen-protected glucose twice every day from -7 ± 2 to 14 d to illustrated the effect of RPG on the uterine involution during the early post-natal period.

Researchers found that the positive cells of PCNA and Ki67 were increased in the uterus of RPG versus the control group. The RPG addition significantly increased the plasma IGF1 level 14 d after delivery.

The mRNA expressions of the IGF family members were upregulated, and mRNA expressions of matrix metalloproteinase MMP3 and MMP9 were downregulated in cows from the RPG group compared with the control group.

Furthermore, the RPG supplementation increased the protein expressions of phosphorylated (p)-AKT to total AKT and p-mTOR to total mTOR ratio in the uterus. The results indicated that dietary RPG addition promoted the proliferation of endometrial cells in postpartum dairy cows by stimulating the insulin-like growth factor system and mTOR pathway, and might be beneficial for uterine recovery.

The research was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2016YFD0501206, 2016YFD0501206, and 2018YFD0501604), Major Project of Hunan Province (Grant No. 2017NK1020), and CAS Science and Technology Service Network Initiative (Grant No. KFJ-STS-ZDTP-056).

The study entitled “Rumen-Protected Glucose Stimulates the Insulin-Like Growth Factor System and mTOR/AKT Pathway in the Endometrium of Early Postpartum Dairy Cows” has been published in Volume 10, Issue 2, February 2020 of Animals, details could be found at

Contact: Kang Jinhe


Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Sciences